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27
Oct
2019

Second Day Of Diwali - Narak Chaturdasi

Choti Diwali / Narak Chaturdasi
The day before Diwali is celebrated as Chhoti Diwali / Narak Chaturdasi or 'small Diwali'. It is Diwali on a smaller scale, with fewer lights lit and fewer crackers burst. The morning after Choti Diwali, the women of the house make beautiful, colored rangoli in the doorway and courtyard. Tiny footprints made out of rice paste are a special feature of the rangolis made for Diwali. In Hindu homes, Chhoti Diwali celebrations involve a ritual puja to Goddess Lakshmi and also to Rama in the evening. Songs in honor of the god are sung and aarti is performed.
Naraka Chaturdashi Legend :

On the fourteenth day of the month of Ashwin or on the day next to Dhanatrayodashi, is celebrated the Choti Diwali also known as Narka Chatudashi. Every day has certain significance and traces its origin to some chapters of Hindu Mythology. Legend has it that there lived once a King Bali who ruled the nether world. But then severe penances and his ardent devotion gained him indomitable powers. So immense was his prowess that even the Gods feared him. It didn't take much time for the Gods to realize that King Bali had almost become a threat to them. Something had to be done before it was too late. And so they decided to seek refuge of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu in the guise of a dwarf visited King Bali and begged of him to grant him just the land, which he could cover with his three steps. King Bali was rather surprised for he thought how much land can this dwarf ask for. Known for his generosity, King Bali promptly granted his wish. But the moment he did so,Lord Vishnu manifested himself before King Bali. King Bali realized his folly but unfortunately he couldn't take back his word. Lord Vishnu covered the entire heaven in on step and with the second step he covered the earth there was no place left for him to keep his third step. And so King Bali offered his head, Lord Vishnu thus pushed the proud King down to the unknown depths of the netherworld. But he was granted a wish to return to earth once a year to visit his subjects. And so the people light their houses with innumerable lamps to welcome their King who visits them just once in a year.

Another Legend :
The story goes that the demon king Narakasur ruler of Pragjyotishpur (a province to the South of Nepal) after defeating Lord Indra had snatched away the magnificent earrings of Aditi, the Mother Goddess (the ruler of Suraloka and a relative of Satyabhama, Lord Krishna's wife) and imprisoned sixteen thousand daughters of the gods and saints in his harem.

On coming to know about this, Satyabhama was enraged by Narakasura's malevolence towards women, and she appealed to Krishna to give her the golden chance to destroy Narakasura. The legend also says that Narakasura was given a curse that he would be killed by a woman. Krishna granted Satyabhama a boon to fight with Narakasura. With Krishna as the charioteer, Satyabhama entered the battle field. During the war, Krishna swooned for a while, a preordained divinely act adopted to empower Satyabhama to kill the demon. After Narakasura was beheaded, the imprisoned women were released, and Krishna accepted to marry them.

So on the day previous to Narakachaturdashi, Lord Krishna's divine intervention led to the killing of the demon, Narakasura and liberation of the imprisoned damsels as well as recovery of the precious earrings of Aditi. As a symbol of that victory Lord Krishna smeared his forehead with the demon king's blood. Krishna returned home in the very early morning of the Narakachaturdashi day. The womenfolk massaged scented oil to his body and gave him a good bath to wash away the filth from his body. Since then the custom of taking bath before sunrise on this day has become a traditional practice specially in Maharashtra.

It is interesting to note that Bhudevi, mother of the slain Narakasura, declared that his death should not be a day of mourning but an occasion to celebrate and rejoice. Since then, Deepavali is being celebrated by people every year with joyous celebrations with lot of fun and frolic, and fire works.

In South India that victory of the divine over the mundane is celebrated in a very peculiar way. People wake up before sunrise prepare a paste by mixing Kumkum in oil, symbolizing blood and after breaking a bitter fruit that represents the head of the demon King that was smashed by Krishna, apply that mixture on their foreheads. Then they have an oil bath using sandalwood paste.

In Maharashtra also, traditional early baths with oil and "Uptan" (paste) of gram flour and fragrant powders are a `must'. All through the ritual of baths, deafening sounds of crackers and fireworks are there in order that the children enjoy bathing. Afterward steamed vermicelli with milk and sugar or puffed rice with curd is served.

 

 

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