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In the Vaiseshika system, the formation of the world is supposed to be effected by the aggregation of atoms. These atoms are countless and eternal. They are eternally, aggregated, disintegrated and redisintegrated by the power of Adrishta. An atom is defined as 'something existing having no cause, and eternal'. It is less than the least, invisible, indivisible, intangible and imperceptible by the senses. Each atom has a Visesha or eternal essence of its own. The combination of these atoms is first into an aggregate of two (Dvyanu, dyad). Three of them, again combine into a particle called Trasarenu (Triad), which like a mote in a sunbeam has just sufficient magnitude to be perceptible.
There are four classes of Paramanus, viz, Paramanus of earth, water, fire and air. The individual atoms combine with others, and again disintegrate after some time.
The Vaiseshika cosmogony is dualistic in the sense of assuming the existence of eternal atoms side by side with eternal Souls. It has not decided positively the exact relation between soul and matter.