The pilgrimage to Baidyanath commences in shrawan (July/August) when the land turns green with the first monsoon showers. Piligrims first gather at Sultanganj to fill their pots with the holy water. Sultanganj is called Uttarbahini or where the Ganges run towards north, instead of usual south and then proceed to the temples of Baidyanath and Vasukinath.
Pilgrims are usually saffron clad and they consider Monday to be the most auspicious day for worshipping Shiva. The pilgrims carry their water pots, well balanced on a stick and ensure that the pot or water does not touch the ground even while they pause for a break or rest for the night. Some of the pilgrims move at an express speed as they cover the distance between Sultanganj and Baidyanath in just-24 hours. Such pilgrims, called Dak bams get precedence over others. On the other hand there are bhoomi parees who are keen to cover the distance with utmost reverence. They lie flat on the ground, stretch their hand above their heads, offer salutations and ricite their prayers and again prostrate before taking their next step.
Deogarh is the main town of the Deogarh district in the Santhal Parganas region of Jharkhand. It is a serene place having a picturesque, natural scenic location. Lush green forests of Data Jungle form the northern outskirts of this beautiful little town. Nandan Pahar and Trikutaparbata are two low hills having forest covers which lie to the north-east and west of Deoghar respectively.
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